Paper Code: 
HFN 144(D)
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 
  • To understand the multi-faceted nature of malnutrition problem.
  • To understand the Interaction between infection and malnutrition
  • To understand the role and responsibilities of various agencies in improving health and nutritional status of population.
  • To be aware of policies and various intervention programmes operating in India to overcome malnutrition.


Unit I: 
Unit I
  • Malnutrition
  1. Meaning
  2. factors contributing to malnutrition
  • Nutritional Deficiency Disorders


  1. Epidemiology
  2. Clinical features
  3. Preventions
  4. dietary treatment
  • Macronutrient Deficiencies:
  1. Protein, Carbohydrate
  2. Fat
  3. Protein Energy Malnutrition (Kwashiokar, Marasmus, Mental Retardation)
  4. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM)


Unit II: 
  • Nutritional Deficiency Disorders
  1. Epidemiology
  2. Clinical features
  3. Preventions
  4. Dietary treatment
  • Micronutrient Deficiencies
    1. Vitamins and minerals
    2. Vitamin A
    3. Vitamin D
    4. Vitamin E, Vitamin K
    5. Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2,Vitamin B3, Vitamin B6
    6. Pantothenic Acid
    7. Folic Acid
    8. Vitamin B12, Calcium
    9. Iodine, Iron, Selenium, Zinc


Unit III: 
  • Nutrition and infection relationship

a)     Effect of Malnutrition on Infection

b)    Effect of Infection on Nutritional Status – Measles, Diarrhoea

c)     Dietary considerations for management of infections - Measles, Diarrhoea

d) Food Safety – Food Contamination, Food Adulteration, Food laws, Food   standards and Consumer protection

Unit IV: 
  • Nutrition Agencies 
    1. National and International agencies in improving the nutritional status: WHO, UNICEF, CARE, ICMR, NIN, ICAR, CFTRI , VHAI, NIPCCI
  • Nutrition Policies  - Aims, Instruments and Implementation
    1. National Nutrition Policy (NNP), National Health Policy, National Population  Policy, 20 – Point Programme


Unit V: 
  • Nutrition Programmes:
  1. Major Nutrition Programmes – Nutrient Deficiency Control Programmes

            1. National Prophylaxis Programme for prevention of Nutritional blindness

2. National Nutrition Anaemia Control Programme

3. Iodine Prophylaxis Programme

  1. Major Nutrition Programmes – Supplementary  Programmes

           (Concept, Relevance, Objectives, Components, Organization and Implementation)

         1. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)

                     2. Mid Day Meal Programme (MDM)

                     3. Special Nutrition Programme (SNP)

                     4. Pradhan Mantri,s Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY)

                     5. Balwadi Feeding Programme

                     6. Composite Nutrition Programme

                     7. Applied nutrition Programme (ANP)

  1. Food Security Programmes

             Public Distribution System (PDS) and the Targeted Public Distribution System        (TPDS), Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY), Annapurna Scheme, National Food for Work Programme (NFFWP)

  1. Self Employment and Wage Employment Scheme – Sampoorna Gramin Rojgar Yojana, Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, NAREGA (Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Generation Act)


Essential Readings: 
  • Jean A.S. Ritchie, 1967, Learning Better Nutrition; Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, Rome.
  • Gopalan C. and Kaur H., Towards Better Nutrition “Problems and Policies”. NFI; Special Publication Series No. 9.
  • Swaminathan M., Principles of Nutrition and Dietetics. Ed. 2.Bangalore. BAPPCO. 1986.
  • Swaminathan M., 1974,Essentials of Foods and Nutrition, vol. 1&2; Second Edition. Madras. Ganesh,
  • Francis E.Johmstom, Nutritional Anthropology, Publisher; Alan R.Liss Inc., New York.
  • Vital Statistics of India: Office of the Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home-Affairs : GOI, New Delhi.
  • Economic Survey, GOI, Ministry of Finance; Economic Division.
  • Bamji Rao and Reddy, Textbook of Human Nutrition, Publisher: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.
  • Beaton and Bengoa; 1976, Nutrition in Preventive Medicine. World Health Organization, Geneva
  • Berg A., 1973, The Nutrition Factor – Its Role in national Development; Publisher – The Brookings Institution 105.
  • National Plan of Action 1995–FNB, DWCD, MHRD.
  • 1995, National Plan of Action –FNB, DWCD, MHRD.
  • 1993, National Nutrition Policy – GOI, DWCD, MHRD.
  • Jacob T. Food Adulteration. 1976. Delhi, Macmillan, Adulteration.
  • Gibson R. Principles of Nutritional Assessment. 1990. Oxford University.
  • Shukla P.K. Nutritional Problems of India. 1982.
  • Reddy ,V.K 1988 Rural Development in India. Himalaya Publishing House, New Delhi.
  • Park J E and park K. 2009,Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine; Edition: 20th, Jabalpur. Banarsidas Bhanot..
  • Gopalan C, Combating Undernutrition, Nutrition Foundation of India; Special Publication Series 3.
  • Wadhwa, A. and Sharma, S. Nutrition in the Community. Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 2003





Academic Year: