Introduction to Extension Education (Theory)

Paper Code: 
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 

This course will enable the students-

  • To understand basic concepts and principles behind extension education.    
  • To understand different ways of non formal education.
  • To make students understand in brief the basic concept of extension models.
Unit I: 
Meaning and Concept of Extension Education
  • Aims, objectives and history of extension education
  • Philosophies of extension education
  • Principles of extension education
Unit II: 
Extension Education Process
  • Process of extension education
  • Environment for learning
  • Role of the educator, role of people
  • Qualities of extension worker
  • Role of extension education in national development
Unit III: 
Extension Models:
  • Technology – Innovation – Transfer model
  • Social education model
  • Social action
  • Empowerment/participation model
Unit IV: 
Types of Education:
  • Formal
  • Non-formal and informal
  • Adult education
  • Importance and significance of adult and non-formal education
Unit V: 
Overview of the techniques used for Need Assessment
  • PRA Technique (Participatory Rural Approaches)
  • RRA Technique (Rapid Rural Appraisal)
  • PLA Technique (Participatory Learning and Action
Essential Readings: 
  1. Dahama O.P. (1998): Education and communication for Development, New Delhi, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.
  2. Pillai, K.S. (1993): ABC of  Non-formal Education, 17-B, Indraprasth Estate, New Delhi, Indian Adult Education Association.
  1. O.S. Rathore. Hand Book of Extension Education, Agrotech Publishing, 1999.
  2. Uttam Kumar Singh and A. K. Nayak. Extension Education, 1997, Commonwealth publishers in association with Dr. Zakir Hussain Institute of non-formal and continuing education.
  3. Hussain Institute for non-formal and continuing education.
  4. Kindervalter, Suzzane (1979): Non-formal Education an Empowering Process, Centre for International education, 285, Hills House South Amherst, Massachusetts 01003. USA, University of Massachusetts.
  5. Mistry S.P. Non-formal Education 1998 Radha Publications 437814B, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi-110002.
  6. Rajani, R. Stirurr- Non-formal Education for Development APH publishing Corporation, 5, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New elhi-110002.
  7. Reddy, R.S.- Adult and Non-formal Education 1999 Common Wealth    Publisher.
  8. Sharma, S.R. – Reflections on Continuing and Non Formal Education-1997 Pointer Publishers, SMS Highway. Jaipur.
  9. Singh Dev Raj- Infra Structure Planning for Non Formal Education –1995, Common Wealth Publishers.
  10. Singh, U.K., Sudarshan K N. Non-Formal and Continuing Education. 1996 Discovery Publishing House, 4831/24, Ansari oad, Darya Ganj, New Delhi – 110002.
  11. Srinivasan, Iyer (1997): Perspectives on Non-FormalAdult Learning 251, Park Avenue South, New York 10010, USA. World Education